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 Content Editor

​​FAQ
Konsep:

1 What is Certificate of Origin (CO)?
 

CO is a certificate issued by a competent authority of the exporting country that certifies the origin of the goods. There are 2 types of certificates which are Preferential Certificate of Origin (PCO) and Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin (NPCO).

   
2 What is Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin (NPCO)?
 

It is a certificate/trade document that helps identify the origin of the good and not used to claim for preferential tariff rates. Normally goods will be released using import duty rate as per Customs Duties Order enforced.

   
3 What is Most-Favoured-Nation (MFN) rate?
 

MFN rate is a normal non-discriminatory rate charged on imports (excludes preferential tariff rate under free trade agreements). 

   
4 What is Preferential Tariff Treatment?
 

Preferential Tariff Treatment means special treatment in the form of preferential tariff import duty for goods that satisfy origin criteria under relevant agreement.

   
5 What is Preferential Certificate of Origin (PCO)?
 

CO is a certificate/trade document issued by a competent authority of the exporting country that certifies the origin of the goods, which allows importer to claim for preferential tariff rates based on Rules of Origin of each agreement entered into force.

   
6 What is Free Trade Agreement (FTA)?
 

FTA is an agreement made between two or more countries under which countries involved are given preferential market access.

   
7 How many Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) is enforced in Malaysia?
 

Thus far, there are 7 multilateral and 7 bi-lateral FTAs enforced in Malaysia. Below is a list of FTAs enforced.

No Free Trade Agreements  
1 ASEAN Trade In Goods Agreement (ATIGA) Multilateral Agreements
2 ASEAN-Australia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (AANZFTA)
3 ASEAN-China Free Trade Agreement (ACFTA)
4 ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement (AIFTA)
5 ASEAN-Korea Free Trade Agreement (AKFTA)
6 ASEAN-Japan Comprehensive Economic Partnership (AJCEP)
7 Developing Eight Preferential Tariff Agreement (D8 PTA)
8 Malaysia-Australia Free Trade Agreement (MAFTA) Bi-lateral Agreements
9 Malaysia-Chile Free Trade Agreement (MCFTA)
10 Malaysia-India Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (MICECA)
11 Malaysia-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (MJEPA)
12 Malaysia-New Zealand Free Trade Agreement (MNZFTA)
13 Malaysia-Pakistan Closer Economic Partnership Agreement (MPCEPA)
14 Malaysia-Turkey Free Trade Agreement (MTFTA)

The agreements can be accessed via Ministry of International Trade and Industry webportal (http://www.miti.gov.my/)
Preferential tariff rate can be accessed via e-Federal Gazette (http://www.federalgazette.agc.gov.my/bm_index.php)

   
8 What is the difference between Self-Certification and Self-Declaration?
 
  • Self-Certification allows the certified exporter to make a declaration of origin on Invoice or commercial documents such as Billing Statement, Delivery Order or Packing List for export purpose.
  • Self-Declaration allows any exporter to make a declaration of origin on Invoice or commercial documents such as Billing Statement, Delivery Order or Packing List for export purpose.
   
9 What is Certified Exporter?
  Certified Exporter is an authorized exporter appointed by competent authority of the exporting country to issue an Invoice Declaration or commercial documents.
   
 

Claim for preferential tariff rate at the time of importation:

   
10 How can importers enjoy preferential tariff rate at the time of importation?
  Importers can enjoy preferential tariff treatment once all origin requirement is fulfilled and Certification of Origin (CO) or declaration of origin is submitted at the time of importation.
   
11 I would like to claim for preferential tariff rate at the time of importation; however I have not received the Certificate of Origin (CO) from exporter. What can I do?
  At the time of importation, importers would need to pay MFN rate and undertake to submit the CO once received from exporter. Importers can apply for duty refund after submitting the CO.
   
12 I have a photocopy of the Certificate of Origin (CO), can I claim for preferential tariff rate at the time of importation using the photocopied CO?
  Only original copy of CO will be consider for claiming preferential tariff treatment at the time of importation.
   
13 I found there are inconsistent information between Certificate or Origin (CO) and Customs Form 1 (K1) declared, can I enjoy preferential tariff treatment?
  Inconsistent information in CO is not acceptable to claim for preferential tariff treatment. Importer needs to ensure all information of the imported goods in the CO is consistent and correct.
   
14 I have been informed by customs that the Certificate or Origin (CO) needs to be sent for verification. Does that means the goods will not be released?
  The goods can be released after payment of duty of MFN rate has been made. Importers are allowed to submit Bank Guarantee for difference between MFN and preferential tariff rate.
   
 

At the time of exportation:

   
15 How exporters can apply for a Preferential Certificate of Origin (PCO) or Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin (NPCO)?
 
  • Malaysian exporters can apply for a PCO through Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI).
  • Malaysian exporters can apply for NPCO through Malaysia International Chambers of Commerce and Industry (MICCI).
   
16 How can exporters apply to be a certified exporter status?
  The application can be made through Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI).
   
 

Information on Preferential Certificate of Origin (PCO) or Non-Preferential Certificate of Origin (NPCO) application can be obtained in MITI website (http://www.miti.gov.my/)